Martha Washington
Abigail Adams
Martha Jefferson
Dolley Madison
Elizabeth Monroe
Louisa Adams
Rachel Jackson
Hannah Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Letitia Tyler
Julia Tyler
Sarah Polk
Abigail Fillmore
Jane Pierce
Harriet Lane Johnson
Mary Lincoln
Eliza Johnson
Julia Grant
Lucy Hayes
Lucretia Garfield
Ellen Arthur
Frances Cleveland
Caroline Harrison
Ida McKinley
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Taft
Ellen Wilson
Edith Wilson
Florence Harding
Grace Coolidge
Lou Hoover
Eleanor Roosevelt
Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
Jacqueline Kennedy
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Laura Bush
Michelle Obama



Martha Washington

Martha was born June 2, 1731in Kent County, Virginia.

Her father Colonel John Dandridge was a wealthy plantation owner.

She liked to ride horses and was reported to once ride her horse right into her uncle's home.

She married Colonel Daniel Parke Custis when she was only seventeen. They had four children. Two of the children died when they were babies. Daniel Curtis died in 1757.

Her husband died when Martha was 25.

She married George Washington three years later in 1759.

Martha had two children from a previous marriage: John Parke Custis and Martha Park Curtis.

George and Martha lived on a plantation called Mount Vernon which is located in Virginia. They didn't have any children together.

During the Revolutionary War she would join her husband in camp during the winter months. She was in Valley Forge during the winter of 1777-78. She helped take care of the sick soldiers during those times.

When George became President, Martha moved to New York which was the first capital of the U.S. and then on to Philadelphia the second capital. She didn't like either of those cities.

At receptions and social events in her home, she did not allow politics to be discussed.

Martha Washington was sometimes referred to as "Lady Washington." The term First Lady wasn't used until much later.

It is reported that she ended the social events at 9 p.m. so President Washington could get his rest.

When George Washington's term of office ended in 1797, they returned to Mount Vernon.

She died of a fever May 22, 1802, at the age of 80.



Presidents of the United States

First Ladies

Books and Websites


Smithsonian Presidents and First Ladiesby James Barber and Amy Pastan.
First Ladies: Women Who Called The White House Home (First Ladies) by Beatrice Gormeley.

Websites National First Ladies Library of Congress, Images of the First Ladies




Comments and/or corrections should be sent to Jim at






This page was last modified: January 12, 2012